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The risks of unsafe sex
Engaging in safe sex helps you to avoid risks like:
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
STIs are infections or diseases that can be passed on from one person to another during unprotected sex with an infected partner. This includes vaginal, anal or oral sex. Some STIs can be passed on by just skin-to-skin contact like touching or kissing. Types of STIs include:
HIV & AIDS
Genital herpes (HSV)
Genital warts (HPV)
Hepatitis A & B
What is "unsafe sex"?
Every time you have unsafe sex you’re at risk of STIs and pregnancy. You could be at risk if you:
Haven’t used any form of contraception
Had sex and the condom broke or came off
Have had vaginal, anal or oral sex without using a condom
Had skin-to-skin contact with someone who has an STI
Missed or forgot your regular contraceptive pill before having sex
Had issues with your contraception (diaphragm problems)
What to do if you've had unsafe sex
There are steps you can take to minimise your risks if this happens
If you’re worried about STIs:
- Get tested! Most STIs have no symptoms, so you may not know if you’ve been infected.
- STI checks and tests can easily be done by nurses, doctors, sexual health clinics or a Family Planning clinic.
- Early diagnosis and treatment of STIs can help avoid complication, pain, permanent damage and also prevent it from being passed on.
If you’re worried about unplanned pregnancy:
- Emergency contraception (also known as the morning-after pill) is available.
- The sooner you take it after unsafe sex, the more effective it will be.
- You can get emergency contraception from a chemist, doctor, sexual health clinic or a Family Planning clinic.
Having safe sex involves a lot of thought and planning
It’s important that you and your sexual partner are prepared
Take time to discuss your feelings and expectations around safe sex.
Remember, it’s your health and wellbeing, so it’s ok to say no if your sexual partner isn’t willing to use protection.
It’s NEVER ok for someone to pressure or force you into doing something you don’t want to do.
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