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Anxiety in kids and teens

Parenting a child with anxiety is tough, but you don't have to do it alone. We've got tips that can help you and your family.

Girl lying down with shadow of anxiety behind her and mum looking worried

What is anxiety?

Some level of anxiety is a normal part of life and growing up. But if it stays for long periods of time then it could be a problem.

  • Everyone experiences anxiety sometimes, especially when faced with new, stressful or dangerous situations
  • If high levels of anxiety continue over time, this can mean constant physical feelings of panic and avoidance of anything that might trigger it
  • An anxiety disorder should not be ignored and it usually won’t get better on its own

“Anxiety can happen as a response to changes or life events and usually passes on its own. If it persists, it’s important not to ignore it and get help.”

What are the main types of anxiety disorders?

Anxiety disorders are one of the most common types of mental health concerns for young people. Doctors and psychologists can assess and diagnose the following:

Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) – large amount of time spent worrying about any aspect of life – past, present or future

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – panic, intrusive thoughts and avoidance may occur after significant stressful events

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – persistent repeating thoughts, impulses or images that are intrusive and unwanted, including compulsive behaviours

Panic Attacks and Panic Disorders – intense physical discomfort, shortness of breath, increased heart rate, sweating and dizziness associated with fearful thoughts

Social Phobia – intense fear of being embarrassed or unable to communicate in social and public situations

Specific Phobias – intense irrational fears and panicked reactions to things or situations (eg dogs, bees, the dark, etc)

Things parents can do

Anxiety in children and teenagers is very common and there are treatments available to help them overcome it.

As a parent, there’s many things you can do to support your kids through it:

Find out more about anxiety – read books and talk to experts
Let them know you can work together to overcome anxiety
Teach them about anxiety – its role is to protect us from threats
Talk about their anxiety – sketch where on their body they feel it
Help them manage their anxiety – set daily goals
Reassure them that shaking, sweating and a racing heart can be a part of anxiety
Avoid telling them to ‘stop worrying’ – often they can’t control it
Encourage a healthy lifestyle – eat well, exercise, sleep

Keen for more help?

It can be stressful wondering if your child is suffering from problematic levels of anxiety. You’re not alone. You can seek information and talk it through with a counsellor or your local doctor.

If your child needs some extra support, encourage them to talk to a Kids Helpline counsellor today. They can call, start a WebChat or send us an email.

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